Designed to suit every child's unique learning need

Whether you are starting a new chapter or revising an old one, Toppr is designed to match your unique skill set. It feels magical!

Designed to suit every child's unique learning need

Membership Features

Create Challenges

Create your own tests and challenge your friends to beat your score.

Question Sets

Practice with short sets based on difficulty, question type, previous years' papers, etc.

Concept Sheets

Use concept sheets to revise quickly, efficiently and comprehensively before a test.

Previous Papers

Enhance your preparations by practicing previous years' papers up to the past 10 years.

Bookmarks

Save important questions and concepts and revisit them for a quick revision later.

Performance Reports

Get precise reports that help you improve your performance, ranking, speed and accuracy.

Be at school, board or competitive exams, Toppr helps you achieve all your academic goals. Access to courses Grade 5 to 12 and up.

Co-curricular Learnings

Encourage your child to participate in the various tests, but do not pressure them. Study after study have shown that learning suffers when students are stressed. These tests - if taken in the right spirit - encourage critical thinking, and are a lot of fun.

Select a class to learn more!

Class 5

Course Description

Dear Parents In class 5, your child will begin to unravel the mysteries of the world with a mind full of curiosity. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home, and let the exploration begin! Dear Students Learning in class 5 is all about discovering the wonders of the world we live in. Begin an exciting new journey right here with Toppr!  

Competitive Examinations

NSTSE
  • NSTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSO
  • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • ENGLISH - You will build language skills and learn to express your feelings, ideas and experiences. You will also learn to hold conversations.
  • MATHS - You will learn to recognize patterns in shapes and numbers. You will also learn to apply properties of shapes and numbers to daily life.
  • EVS - You will observe various social phenomena in biology, physics and our environment through discussions on everyday events.

Course Outline

Class 6

Course Description

Dear Parents In class 6, your child begins to make significant connections with the world around him. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home, and let the exploration begin! Dear Students Learning in class 6 is all about making connections between the subjects you learn and the world around you. Begin an exciting new journey right here with Toppr!  

Competitive Examinations

NSTSE
  • NSTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSO
  • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • SCIENCE - You will start to understand how everyday life events are connected to certain fundamental principles in science.
  • MATHS - You will learn operations with large numbers and the art of using geometric instruments with precise measurements.
  • ENGLISH - You will learn reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and writing. This will make you more proficient in the language.
  • HISTORY - You will be introduced to the Kings who ruled over India, and other parts of the world, along with the importance of historical buildings and paintings.
  • CIVICS - You will understand the basics of local self-governance, diversity, administration, political systems and livelihoods.
  • GEOGRAPHY - You will explore the Earth, its major domains, and India’s physical features in Geography.

Course Outline

Number System

  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Whole Numbers
  • Negative Numbers and Integers
  • Fractions
  • Decimals
Algebra
  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Concept of Ratio
  • Proportion as Equality of Two Ratios
  • Unitary Method
  • Word Problems
Geometry
  • Basic Geometrical Ideas
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes
  • Symmetry
  • Practical Geometry
Mensuration
  • Concept of Perimeter and Introduction to Area
Data Handling
  • Collection and Organisation of Data
  • Pictographs
  • Drawing Bar Graphs for Given Data: Interpreting Bar Graphs

  • What, When, Where and How
  • The Earliest Societies
  • From Gathering to Growing Food
  • The First Cities
  • Different Ways of Life
  • What Books and Burials Tell Us
  • Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republics
  • New Questions and Ideas
  • Ashok: The Emperor Who Gave Up War
  • Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
  • Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
  • New Empires and Kingdoms
  • Culture and Science

  • The Earth in the Solar System
  • Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Motions of the Earth
  • Maps : Essential Components of Maps, Distance, Directions and Symbols
  • Major Domains of the Earth
  • Major Landforms of the Earth
  • Our Country – India
  • India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

UNIT 1: Diversity

Section 1
  • Diversity as a Fact of Being Human
  • What Diversity Adds to our Lives
  • Diversity in India
Section 2
  • Prejudice and Discrimination
  • Inequality and Discrimination
  • Recognition of Multiple Identities in Oneself
  • The Constitution and Respect for Diversity
UNIT 2: Government

Section 1
  • The Need for Government
  • Decision-Making and Participation
  • The Quest for Universal Adult Franchise through Examples of the Suffragette Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle
  • Various Forms of Government and the Absence of Collective Sanction
Section 2
  • Key Elements that Influence the Functioning of the Democratic Government
  • Participation and Accountability
  • Resolution of Conflict
  • Concerns for Equality and Justice
UNIT 3: Local Government

Section 1: Panchayati Raj
  • Description of Panchayat: Electoral Process, Decision Making and the Implementation of Decisions
  • Role of a Gram Sabha
  • Women and the Panchayat
Section 2: Urban Local Government
  • Municipal Corporation Elections, Decision Making Structures
  • The Provision of Water and the Work of the Municipal Corporation
  • Citizens’ Protests to get their Grievances Addressed
Section 3: Rural Administration
  • Focus on a Land Dispute and the Role of Local Police and Patwari
  • On-Land Records and the Role of Patwari
  • On the New Inheritance Law
UNIT 4: Making a Living

Section 1: Rural Livelihoods
  • Various Types of Livelihoods Prevalent in a Village
  • Different Types of Farmers: Middle Farmer, Landless Labourers and Large Farmers
Section 2: Urban Livelihoods
  • Difference between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Occupations
  • Descriptions of Various Types of Livelihoods Including Vegetable Vendor, Domestic Servant, Garment Worker and a Bank Employee
  • Differences between Self, Regular and Wage Employment
  • The Interlinkage between Rural and Urban Lives through a Discussion of Migration

In general, vocabulary development through extensive reading with comprehension and interest, and written activities at a higher level are the main goals of teaching and learning at this stage.

Objectives

The general objectives at this stage are:
  • To negotiate personal learning goals, evaluate one’s own progress and edit, revise or review one’s own work
  • To understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures and ways of living
  • To be able to articulate individual responses effectively
  • To use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters
  • To be able to organise and structure one’s thoughts through speech and writing
  • To develop production skills (fluency and accuracy in both speaking and writing)
  • To exercise discretion while using a dictionary
  • To understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles
At the end of this stage learners will be able to:
  • Understand the central theme of the text (prescribed and non-prescribed)
  • Use critical thinking to read between the lines and go beyond the text
  • Narrate simple experiences, describe objects and people, and report events to one’s peers
  • Speak accurately with appropriate pauses and clear stress on words and sentences to be intelligible in familiar social contexts
  • Write simple messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications, simple narrative and descriptive pieces etc.
  • Use one’s proficiency in English to explore and study other areas of knowledge through print and non-print media
  • Undertake small projects on a regular basis

Language Items

At the upper primary level, knowledge of grammar remains a process of discovery, combined with a conscious effort to explicitly understand and name grammatical items. In addition to consolidating items learnt earlier, the following will be introduced and recycled through the upper primary stage:
  • Determiners and Passivization
  • Linking Words and Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Forms)
  • Adverbs (Place and Types) and Modal Auxiliaries
  • Tense Forms and Word Order in Sentence Types
  • Clauses and Reported Speech

Methods and Techniques

The selection of actual classroom procedures is left to the discretion of the teacher. The following are nonetheless recommended:
  • Role Play
  • Dramatization
  • Reading Aloud
  • Recitation of Rhymes, Poems and Making Observations on a Given Topic or Theme
  • Telling and Retelling Stories, Anecdotes, and Jokes
  • Discussion and Debate
  • Simple Projects
  • Interpreting Pictures, Sketches and Cartoons
  • Activities, Tasks, and Language Games
  • Pair Work, Group Work and Short Assignments; both Individual and Group
  • Exploring the Electronic Media

  • Food
  • Materials
  • The World of the Living
  • Moving Things, People and Ideas
  • How Things Work
  • Natural Phenomena
  • Natural Resources

Please visit http://ncerthelp.com for the Hindi syllabus

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The nine-point grading scale is given below:

A1: 91 – 100

A2: 81 – 90

B1: 71 – 80

B2: 61 – 70

C1: 51 – 60

C2: 41 – 50

D: 33 – 40

E: 32 and below

The National Science Olympiad is a national level science exam conducted for students from classes 1 to 12 by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted on the basis of the marks obtained by the candidates. You need to refer to the Science and Math syllabi – as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards.

The National Level Science Talent Search Exam encourages students to reason critically while solving problems. NSTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students from classes 2 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter are based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE board.

The Maths Talent Search Exam is a competitive exam conducted by the Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA) for students from classes 3 to 9. Mental ability, Mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are its main focus areas. The study matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers are awarded scholarships.

The International Mathematics Olympiad is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children, both in India and abroad. All students studying in classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subject matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers per class are awarded scholarships.

The National Standard Exam in Junior Science is jointly conducted by the IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students from classes 1 to 10 are eligible for it.

The International Science Olympiad is an exam held annually at the national and international levels. The conducting body for IOS is the SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible.

The International Information Olympiad is conducted by the Computer Literacy Foundation every year. Students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible for it.

The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like Olympiads, workshops and seminars.

The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition among students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about issues related to Biotechnology, and test their aptitude for future careers in the field.

Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children. It also educates them about the planet and inculcates a deep love and respect towards the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.

Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

Hard work is key to cracking exams and Olympiads. However, all subjects require some specific tips, which are mentioned below:

English
  • Focus on grammar and writing, as these are sections in which students tend to lose the maximum number of marks. Practice writing sections of previous papers, along with grammar questions like editing and omission of paragraphs. The latter requires intensive practice, and demand that the students be thorough.
Mathematics
  • Initially, stick to concept building. Be thorough with NCERT textbooks before moving on to R.S. Aggarwal books for the Olympiads. NCERT contains many conceptual questions and will help you build a strong foundation.
Science
  • These are your formative years and that is why you should pay attention to chapters in Physics and Chemistry. Since Biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, it doesn’t require a lot of practice. Physics and Chemistry, however, demand intensive study, and you should make sure that you understand all the concepts well before solving numericals, if any.
Social Science
  • Don't simply mug up the facts. The concept matter will be a lot clearer to you once you understand – for instance – how the government works, or what happened during the Indian independence period. Understanding the subject will help you retain and recall effectively during the exam. Plus, you will be able to relate it to current events, and pinpoint historical trends from a panoramic standpoint.
Hindi
  • This subject demands intensive practice, for you to score well. Collect several sample papers and practise them till you’re thorough.

English

  • Pact with the Sun; Supplementary Reader, by NCERT
  • Honeysuckle Textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
  • New Oxford Modern English
Maths
  • Mathematics textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Systematic Mathematics, by Sultan Chand
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.D. Sharma
  • Foundation Course Mathematics, by MTG Publications
Science
  • Science Textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
  • Basic Science for Class 6, by Bharti Bhawan
Hindi and Sanskrit
  • Vyakaran Nidhi, by Saraswati Publications
  • Vasant, by NCERT
  • Sanskrit Vyakaran, by Saraswati Publications
Social Science
  • Textbook in History for Class 6, by NCERT
  • The Earth: Our Habitat, by NCERT
  • Social and Political Life I, by NCERT
  • History, by Bharti Bhawan
  • Geography, by Bharti Bhawan
  • Civics, by Bharti Bhawan

Practising previous years' papers are important, as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice a lot so that you’re able to memorise formulae and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

Class 7

Course Description

Dear Parents In class 7, your child begins to delve deeper into all areas of knowledge. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home, and let the exploration begin! Dear Students Learning is all about having fun while you begin to dig deeper in your exploration of all areas of knowledge. Begin an exciting new journey right here with Toppr!  

Competitive Examinations

NSTSE
  • NSTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSO
  • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • SCIENCE - You will learn the physiology of living organisms and will master the application of various physical phenomenon.
  • MATHS - You will learn various concepts of symmetry, the use of exponents and detailed properties of various shapes.
  • ENGLISH - You will apply your learnings in reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and writing.
  • HISTORY - You will trace the legacy of our medieval rulers. It will draw your attention towards empires, towns, traders, saints,and larger sociocultural changes.
  • CIVICS - You will understand equality, and the government’s differing roles in society.
  • GEOGRAPHY - You will learn about the Earth’s environment, its rotation and revolution, and the effect on the atmosphere.

Course Outline

  • Integers
  • Fractions and Decimal Numbers
  • Symmetry
  • Introduction to Rational Numbers
  • Lines and Angles
  • Properties of Triangles
  • Powers
  • Simple Equations
  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Algebraic Expressions
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Comparing Quantities
  • Congruence of Triangles
  • Practical Geometry
  • Data Handling
  • Representing 3D in 2D
  • Mensuration
  • Concepts of Perimeter and Introduction to Area
  • Construction
  • Visualising Solid Shapes
  • Geometry: Understanding Shapes

  • Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • The Delhi Sultans
  • The Mughal Empire
  • Rulers and Buildings
  • Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
  • Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities
  • Devotional Paths to the Divine
  • The Making of Regional Cultures
  • Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

  • Environment
  • Inside our Earth
  • Our Changing Earth
  • Air
  • Water
  • Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
  • Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication
  • Human Environment Interactions: The Tropical and the Subtropical Region
  • Life in the Temperate Grasslands
  • Life in the Desert

  • On Equality
  • Role of the Government in Health
  • How the State Government Works
  • Growing up as Boys and Girls
  • Women can Change the World
  • Understanding Media
  • Understanding Advertising
  • Market Around Us
  • A Shirt in the Market
  • Struggle for Equality

In general, vocabulary development through extensive reading with comprehension and interest, and writing activities at a higher level are the main goals of teaching and learning at this stage.

Objectives

The general objectives at this stage are:
  • To negotiate personal learning goals, evaluate one’s own progress and edit, revise or review one’s own work
  • To understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures and ways of living
  • To be able to articulate individual responses effectively
  • To use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters
  • To be able to organise and structure one’s thoughts through speech and writing
  • To develop production skills (fluency and accuracy in both speaking and writing)
  • To exercise discretion while using a dictionary
  • To understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles
At the end of this stage learners will be able to:
  • Understand the central theme of the text (prescribed and non-prescribed)
  • Use critical thinking to read between the lines and go beyond the text
  • Narrate simple experiences, describe objects and people, and report events to one’s peers
  • Speak accurately with appropriate pauses and clear stress on words and sentences to be intelligible in familiar social contexts
  • Write simple messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications, simple narrative and descriptive pieces etc.
  • Use one’s proficiency in English to explore and study other areas of knowledge through print and non-print media
  • Undertake small projects on a regular basis

Language Items

At the upper primary level, knowledge of grammar remains a process of discovery, combined with a conscious effort to explicitly understand and name grammatical items. In addition to consolidating items learnt earlier, the following will be introduced and recycled through the upper primary stage:
  • Determiners and Passivization
  • Linking Words and Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Forms)
  • Adverbs (Place and Types) and Modal Auxiliaries
  • Tense Forms and Word Order in Sentence Types
  • Clauses and Reported Speech

Methods and Techniques

The selection of actual classroom procedures is left to the discretion of the teacher. The following are nonetheless recommended:
  • Role Play
  • Dramatization
  • Reading Aloud
  • Recitation of Rhymes, Poems and Making Observations on a Given Topic or Theme
  • Telling and Retelling Stories, Anecdotes, and Jokes
  • Discussion and Debate
  • Simple Projects
  • Interpreting Pictures, Sketches and Cartoons
  • Activities, Tasks, and Language Games
  • Pair Work, Group Work and Short Assignments; both Individual and Group
  • Exploring the Electronic Media

  • Nutrition in Plants
  • Nutrition in Animals
  • Fibre to Fabric
  • Heat
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Motion and Time
  • Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Winds, Storms and Cyclones
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Respiration in Organisms
  • Soil
  • Light
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Electric Current and its Effects
  • Transportation in Plants and Animals
  • Wastewater Story
  • Reproduction in Plants
  • Separation of Substances
  • Electricity And Circuits

For the Hindi syllabus please visit: http://ncerthelp.com

Term 1

Formative Assessment 1
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 10%
  • Month: April - May

Formative Assessment 2
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 10%
  • Month: July - August

Summative Assessment 1
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 30%
  • Month: September


Term 2

Formative Assessment 3
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 10%
  • Month: October - November

Formative Assessment 4
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 10%
  • Month: January - February

Summative Assessment 2
  • Percentage of Weightage in an Academic Session: 30%
  • Month: March

Total Formative Assessments = FA 1 + FA 2 + FA 3 + FA 4 = 40%

Summative Assessments = SA 1 + SA 2 = 60%

Assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The nine-point grading scale is given below:

A1 = 91-100

A2 = 81-90

B1 = 71-80

B2 = 61-70

C1 = 51-60

C2 = 41-50

D = 33-40

E = 32 and below

The National Level Science Talent Search Exam is organised by the Unified Council for students from classes 2 to 12. It is one of the most popular scholarship examinations conducted in India.

There are several Olympiads organised by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and ISO. They are held annually and are highly competitive.

The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like Olympiads, workshops and seminars.

The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition among students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about issues related to Biotechnology, and test their aptitude for future careers in the field.

Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children. It also educates them about the planet and inculcates a deep love and respect towards the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.

Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

Hard work is key to cracking exams and Olympiads. However, all subjects require some specific tips, which are mentioned below:

English:

  • Focus on grammar and writing, as these are sections in which students tend to lose the maximum number of marks. Practice writing sections of previous papers, along with grammar questions like editing and omission of paragraphs. The latter require intensive practice, and demand that the students be thorough.
Mathematics:

  • Initially, stick to concept building. Be thorough with NCERT textbooks before moving on to R.S. Aggarwal books for the Olympiads. NCERT contains many conceptual questions and will help you build a strong foundation.
Science:

  • These are your formative years and that is why you should pay attention to chapters in Physics and Chemistry. Since Biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, it doesn’t require a lot of practice. Physics and Chemistry, however, demand intensive study, and you should make sure that you understand all the concepts well before solving numericals, if any.
Social Science:

  • Don't simply mug up the facts. The concept matter will be a lot clearer to you once you understand – for instance – how the government works, or what happened during the Indian independence period. Understanding the subject will give you less to swallow, helping you retain and recall more during the exam. Plus, you will be able to relate it to current events, and pinpoint historical trends from a panoramic standpoint.
Hindi:

  • This subject demands intensive practice, for you to score well. Collect several sample papers and practise them till you’re thorough.

English

  • An Alien Hand - Supplementary Reader, by NCERT
  • Honeycomb Textbook for Class 7, by NCERT
  • New Oxford Modern Press
Maths
  • Mathematics Textbook for Class 7, by NCERT
  • Mathematics for Class 7, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Systematic Mathematics, by Sultan Chand
  • Mathematics for Class VII, by R.D. Sharma
  • Foundation Course Mathematics, by MTG Publications
Science
  • Science Textbook for Class 7, by NCERT
  • Basic Science for Class 7, by Bharti Bhawan
Hindi and Sanskrit
  • Vyakaran Nidhi, by Saraswati Publications
  • Vasant II, by NCERT
  • Sanskrit Vyakaran, by Saraswati Publications
Social Science
  • Social Science Textbook for Class 7, by NCERT
  • Social Science for Class 7, by Bharti Bhawan
  • Social Science with Solutions, by Together With

Practising previous years' papers is important, as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice a lot so that you're able to memorise formulae and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

Class 8

Course Description

Dear Parents In class 8, your child begins to strengthen his foundation in all subjects. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students Learning in class 8 is all about mastering the fundamentals of all subjects. Begin an exciting new journey right here, with Toppr!  

Competitive Examinations

NSTSE
  • NSTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSO
  • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • PHYSICS - You will learn about force, pressure and sound. You will also learn about electric currents, light and the solar system.
  • CHEMISTRY - You will get to know about natural resources and their uses along with environmental issues like pollution.
  • MATHS - You will start understanding roots, ratios and proportions and will learn how to apply them.
  • BIOLOGY - You will learn the fundamentals of biology, along with energy conservation, crop production and its management.
  • HISTORY - You will learn about the British Raj in India and the Indian Independence Movement. You will also be given a glimpse of World History of Art.
  • CIVICS - The syllabus covers the Indian Constitution, the Parliament, the functioning of the judicial system, and the concept of social justice.
  • GEOGRAPHY - In Geography, you will be introduced to the world of resources and industries.
  • ENGLISH - You will get more proficient at reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and writing.

Course Outline

Class 9

Course Description

Dear Parents In class 9, your child learns concepts that will build the base for competitive exams in the future. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students Learning is class 9 is all about strengthening your foundation for all competitive exams in the future. Begin an exciting new journey right here with Toppr!  

Competitive Examinations

NSTSE
  • NSTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSO
  • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • PHYSICS - You will learn about the laws of motion, work and energy. You will also learn about gravitation and sound.
  • CHEMISTRY - You will discover new theories about atom and matter.
  • MATHS - You will learn complex theorems in Geometry and will solve equations of varying difficulty in Algebra.
  • BIOLOGY - You will explore and learn about the hierarchy of organisms, agricultural practices, and environmental issues.
  • HISTORY - You will learn about contemporary world history and the Indian freedom struggle.
  • CIVICS - You will learn about democracy, the constitution, human rights etc.
  • GEOGRAPHY - You will learn about major rivers, canals and mineral resources in India.
  • ENGLISH - You will get more proficient at reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and writing.
  • ECONOMICS - You will be introduced to concepts of poverty, food security, and people as resources.

Course Outline

  • Number Systems
  • Algebra
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Geometry
  • Mensuration
  • Statistics and Probability

  • Matter Its Nature and Behaviour
  • Organisation in Living World
  • Motion, Force and Work
  • Our Environment
  • Food: Food Production
To test
  • The presence of starch in the given food sample
  • The presence of the 129 adulterant melanin yellow in dal
To prepare
  • A true solution of common salt, sugar and alum/li>
  • A suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water/li>
  • A colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin or milk in water/li>
  • A compound using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these/li>
  • To carry out the following reactions and classify them as physical or chemical change/li>
  • Iron with copper sulphate solution in water/li>
  • Burning of magnesium ribbon in air/li>
  • Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid/li>
  • Heating of copper sulphate crystals/li>
  • Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water

  • India and the Contemporary World I
  • Contemporary India I
  • Democratic Politics I
  • Economics
  • Disaster Management (Through Project and Assignments)

Prose

  • How I Taught My Grandmother to Read
  • A Dog Named Duke
  • The Man Who Knew Too Much
  • Keeping it from Harold
  • Best Seller
Poetry
  • The Brook
  • The Road Not Taken
  • The Solitary Reaper
  • Lord Ullin’s Daughter
  • The Seven Ages
  • Oh, I Wish I’d Looked After My Teeth
  • Song of the Rain
Drama
  • Villa for Sale
  • The Bishop’s Candlesticks

For the full Hindi syllabus please visit: http://ncerthelp.com

Section A

  • Reading Skills
  • Marks: 20
Section B
  • Writing Skills with Grammar
  • Marks: 25
Section C
  • Literature Textbook and Long Reading Test
  • Marks: 25
Section D
  • Assessment of Speaking and Listening (ASL)
  • Marks: 20

Total= 90

Assessment of Scholastic Attainments (Part 1) will be reported twice in a year. The nine- point grading scale for measuring scholastic achievements is given below:

  • Range of Marks: 91-100
  • Grade: A1
  • Grade Point: 10
  • Range of Marks: 81-90
  • Grade: A2
  • Grade Point: 9
  • Range of Marks: 71-80
  • Grade: B1
  • Grade Point: 8
  • Range of Marks: 61-70
  • Grade: B2
  • Grade Point: 7
  • Range of Marks: 51-60
  • Grade: C1
  • Grade Point: 6
  • Range of Marks: 41-50
  • Grade: C2
  • Grade Point: 5
  • Range of Marks: 33-40
  • Grade: D
  • Grade Point: 4
  • Range of Marks: 32 and below
  • Grade: E
  • Grade Point: Failed


The minimum qualifying grade in all the subjects under the Scholastic Domain is ‘D’. All assessments shall be done in marks and will be given in grades.

The Assessment of Co Scholastic Areas 2(A, B, C & D) and 3(A, B) will be done on a five-point scale (shown in the table below); reported once in class 9 and once in class 10.

  • Grade: A
  • Grade Point: 4.1-5
  • Grade: B
  • Grade Point: 3.1-4
  • Grade: C
  • Grade Point: 2.1-4
  • Grade: D
  • Grade Point: 2
  • Grade: E
  • Grade Point: 0-1

The National Level Science Talent Search Exam encourages students to reason critically while solving problems. NSTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students from classes 2 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter are based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE board.

The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like Olympiads, workshops and seminars.

The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition among students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about issues related to Biotechnology, and test their aptitude for future careers in the field.

Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children. It also educates them about the planet and inculcates a deep love and respect towards the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.

Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

Silverzone Olympiads:

  • It is a competitive exam at school level conducted for classes I to XII in various subjects including Mathematics, English, French, General Knowledge, Informatics etc.
Science Olympiad Foundation:
  • There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and ISO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.

IJSO is a competitive examination open to students of all countries in the world, primarily studying in secondary schools. All basic subjects of Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) are given roughly equal representation in the IJSO examination.

The Junior Science Olympiad program follows the following 5 stages:

  • Stage I: National Standard Examination in Junior Science (NSEJS)
  • Stage II: Indian National Junior Science Olympiad (INJSO)
  • Stage III: Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) in Junior Science
  • Stage IV: Pre-departure Training Camp (PDT) for IJSO
  • Stage V: Participation in International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)

Hard work and focus are the keys to cracking exams. We have prepared a sample study plan which will be helpful for you. The most important aspect for scoring good marks is strengthening your concepts. However, all subjects require some special and specific tips, which you can refer below:

English:

  • Keep a pocket dictionary on you at all times, in case you come across new words. Practice writing and grammar thoroughly using reference books. Understand chapters from books thoroughly. Practice writing essays and letters.
Mathematics:
  • Practice each type of problem from the NCERT book. Do the same from the reference book you’re using. Learn all formulae, theorems and theorem proofs thoroughly.
Science:
  • Chemistry is basic. Just read chapters from the book. Learn new definitions, definitions, etc. and solve some numericals from the end of each chapter. In Physics, numerical problems require more practice. Learn definitions of units of measurements and remember the causes of various Physics phenomena from the textbook. Biology is to be mugged up from the textbook or the reference book. The fundamentals for Organic Chemistry can be clearly conceptualized from the basic level for future understanding.
Social Science:
  • History and Civics require mugging. Don’t hesitate in doing so.Economics is conceptual, so start understanding concepts from the textbook. Geography includes both conceptual and theoretical topics. Mug up definitions and understand concepts. Also make sure to practise maps thoroughly.
Sanskrit:
  • Just like English, Sanskrit requires practice in both writing and grammar. Go through reference books to do this.

You can refer the following books to study for your Class 9 school and competitive exams. Make sure you accompany the text you read with sufficient problems to solve:

Mathematics

  • NCERT
  • R.D. Sharma
  • Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, Class IX - CBSE Publication
  • A Handbook for Designing Mathematics Laboratory in Schools - NCERT Publication
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problems for Class IX - NCERT Publication
Hindi
  • NCERT
  • Together With (Hindi) by Rachna Sagar
Social Science
  • NCERT
  • Together Towards a Safer India - Part II - A Textbook on Disaster Management for Class IX - Published by CBSE
Science
  • NCERT
  • S. Chand
  • Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class IX - CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual - Science - Class IX - NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems - NCERT Publication

Practising model papers and previous years' papers is important as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice them repeatedly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

Class 12+

Course Description

Dear Parents Post 12th Board examination every competitive examination is stressful and life changing. To develop and master critical skills for it, your child will need your constant support. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students You must be committed to two years of rigorous learning to master the fundamentals for any competitive examination. Every successful student spends a minimum of three hours a day just practicing questions. Let Toppr help you focus on important topics, and get all your concepts right!  

Competitive Examinations

JEE Main
  • An all-India level exam for admission into IITs, NITs and some of India’s best engineering colleges.
NEET
  • An all-India level examination for admission into India’s best medical colleges.
JEE Advanced
  • An all-India level engineering entrance exam for admission into IITs.

Course Outline

Physics

  • NCERT - 11th and 12th
  • Concepts of Physics - H.C. Verma, Volume I and Volume II
  • Principles of Physics - Resnick Halliday
Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry by O.P. Tandon
  • Numerical Chemistry by P. Bahadur
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. LEE
  • Solomons & Fryhle's Organic Chemistry
Biology
  • NCERT - 11th and 12th
  • Trueman's Elementary Biology, by Bhatia and Tyagi (Both subjective and objective)
  • Pradeep's - A Textbook of Biology, by P.S. Dhami
Maths
  • Cengage Learning
  • Books from S.L. Loney
  • Elements of Coordinate Geometry, Part 1 - Cartesian Coordinates
  • Plane Trigonometry
  • Higher Algebra by Hall and Knight
  • Calculus by Thomas and Finney

JEE Main:

  • This exam helps students secure admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) as well as the dual degree programme of IIEST, Shibpur. The exam is conducted mostly between the first and second weeks of April.
JEE Advanced:
  • This exam helps students secure admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only those students who clear JEE Main are eligible for JEE Advanced. Over 2,20,000 students are selected each year, and the exam is conducted during the last week of May.
BITSAT:
  • The BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer-based online exam that helps students secure admission to the integrated degree programmes of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. The online exam generally takes place between the second and third weeks of April.
UPSEE:
  • The U.P. State Entrance Examination is a state-level engineering examination in Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the third week of April.
EAMCET:
  • The Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination that helps students secure admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like BDS, BPharm, BSc, PharmD, BE, BTech etc. require qualification in this exam, which is conducted during the last week of May.
MHT-CET:
  • The Common Entrance Test is conducted by the Government of Maharashtra for admission to full time degree courses of Technical Education ( Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm.D.)It generally takes place during the first week of May.
COMEDK:
  • COMEDK stands for the Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental colleges of Karnataka, and is a state-level entrance test, floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to member institutions. Post results, the first round of the counselling process is held according to the COMEDK counselling schedule.
VITEEE:
  • The VIT University conducts the VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) for granting students admission to the various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, in Chennai and Vellore, is purely on the basis of the marks secured in the VITEEE exam.

AIIMS:

  • The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is one India’s top ranked medical institutes with a limited number of seats, and is hence very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June, after which the counselling takes place.
NEET:
  • The National Eligibility and Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to take up any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD or MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: Phase 1 is held during the first week of May and Phase 2 during the last week of July.
AFMC:
  • The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra. This college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to its MBBS course is on the basis of a student’s NEET score, followed by an interview and then the final selection.
JIPMER:
  • The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) is a medical school, located in Pondicherry. It is conducted during first week of June.

Olympiads:

  • There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are highly competitive for students. To name a few - National Cyber Olympiad, National Science Olympiad, National Mathematical Olympiad, National Merit Scholarship Scheme.
NEST:
  • At least 20 scholarships worth Rs 25,000 each are provided to 20 toppers in the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test. Certificates are provided to those who score more than 40%.
SAT:
  • SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning accepted for admissions to colleges and universities in the US. Many universities also require the student to give the SAT II test.
KVPY:
  • The KVPY scholarship programme, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue a basic education in the field of Science, and a career in research.

Class 10

Course Description

Dear Parents The 10th CBSE Board examination is highly competitive. To develop and master critical skills for it, your child will need your constant support. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students You must be committed to a year of rigorous learning to master the fundamentals of the 10th CBSE Board examination. Every successful student spends a minimum of three hours a day just practising questions. Let Toppr help you focus on important topics, and get all your concepts right!  

Competitive Examinations

NTSE
  • NTSE is scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Qualified students win a scholarship.
NSTSE
  • The National Level Science Talent Search Examination is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability, and educational performance.
IMO
  • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

Course Outcomes

  • PHYSICS - You will learn about light, the human eye and Oersted’s discovery of electromagnetism. You will also learn about the environment and the various sources of energy.
  • CHEMISTRY - You will learn about the basics of chemical reactions and different substances, along with carbon compounds and the classification of elements.
  • MATHS - You will learn complex problems in trigonometry, quadratic equations and will learn to use graphs.
  • BIOLOGY - You will scrutinize the field of human physiology, the various ways of reproduction in living organisms, and the Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.
  • HISTORY - You will learn about India and the contemporary world. Industrialisation, art, culture and everyday life will also be included.
  • POLITICAL SCIENCE - You will understand the politics behind the formation of parties, among other concepts relating to democratic governments.
  • GEOGRAPHY - You will learn about the development of resources in India.
  • ENGLISH - You will start testing your proficiency in reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and writing.
  • ECONOMICS - You will be introduced to concepts relating to money and credit, the globalisation of the Indian economy, and its development.

Course Outline

Verbs: Tenses

  • Present and Past Forms
  • Simple and Continuous Forms
  • Perfect Forms
  • Future Time Reference
  • Modals
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Subject-Verb Concord
  • Non-Finite Verb Forms (Infinitives and Participles)
Sentence Structure
  • Connectors
  • Types of Sentences
  • Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences
  • Exclamations
  • Types of Phrases and Clauses
  • Indirect Speech
  • Comparison
  • Nominalisation
Other Areas
  • Determiners
  • Pronouns
  • Prepositions
Comprehension and Composition
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Letter Writing
  • Notice Writing
  • Report Writing
  • Essay Writing
  • Paragraph Writing

Chemical Substances: Nature and Behaviour

  • Chemical Reactions
  • Acids, Bases, Salts
  • Metals and Nonmetals
  • Carbon Compounds
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
World of Living
  • Life Processes
  • Control and Coordination in Animals and Plants
  • Reproduction
  • Heredity and Evolution
  • Natural Phenomena

    Effects of Current

    Natural Resources
    • Sources of Energy
    • Our Environment
    • Management of Natural Resources

    India and the Contemporary World II

    • Rise of Nationalism in Europe
    • The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
    • Nationalism in India
    • The Making of Global World
    • The Age of Industrialisation
    • Work, Life and Leisure
    • Print Culture and the Modern World
    • Novels, Society and History

    • Power Sharing
    • Federalism
    • Democracy and Diversity
    • Gender, Religion and Caste
    • Popular Struggles and Movement
    • Political Parties
    • Outcomes of Democracy
    • Challenges of Democracy

    • Resources and Development
    • Forest and Wild Life Resources
    • Water Resources
    • Agriculture
    • Minerals and Energy Resources
    • Manufacturing Industries
    • Lifelines of National Economy

    • Development
    • Sectors of the Indian Economy
    • Money and Credit
    • Globalisation and the Indian Economy
    • Consumer Rights

    • Real Numbers
    • Polynomials
    • Pairs of Linear Equation in Two Variables
    • Quadratic Equations
    • Arithmetic Progressions
    • Triangles
    • Coordinate Geometry
    • Introduction to Trigonometry
    • Some Applications of Trigonometry
    • Polynomials - Remainder and Factor Theorem
    • Circles
    • Constructions
    • Areas Related to Circle
    • Surface Areas and Volumes
    • Statistics
    • Probability

    • Maths: First Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
    • Maths: Second Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
    • Science: First Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
    • Science: Second Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
    • English: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
    • Hindi A: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
    • Hindi B: 3 Hours, 100 Marks

    The National Talent Search Exam encourages students to reason critically while solving problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students from class 10 of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter are based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE board.

    The National Level Science Talent Search Exam is organised by the Unified Council for students from classes 2 to 12. It is one of the most popular scholarship examinations conducted in India.

    The International Mathematics Olympiad is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children, both in India and abroad. All students studying in classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subject matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers per class are awarded scholarships.

    The National Standard Exam in Junior Science is jointly conducted by the IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students from classes 1 to 10 are eligible for it.

    The International Science Olympiad is an exam held annually at the national and international levels. The conducting body for IOS is the SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible.

    The International Information Olympiad is conducted by the Computer Literary Foundation every year. Students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible for it.

    English:

    • Read your text well. Be thorough with your grammar and writing skills, as those are sections where you can lose maximum marks. That should be sufficient.
    Chemistry:
    • Thoroughly study the chapters from the book, learn new definitions (etc.) and solve some numericals from the end of each chapter.
    Physics:
    • This subject and its numerical problems require more practice. Learn definitions of various units of measurements and make sure you understand the causes of various phenomena mentioned in the textbook.
    Biology:
    • Familiarize yourself with the various terminologies and concepts in the textbook. You can also use some reference books to better understand them.
    Maths:
    • This is the most practice-oriented subject in your curriculum. Make sure you study well, understand concepts and then put in lots of practice. To study, NCERT is sufficient. It is also very important to practice previous years’ papers as you’ll need to learn how to write formal proofs. Be very careful with this because proofs generally cost a lot of marks in the geometry section.

    Science

    • NCERT - Textbook
    • NCERT - Exemplar Problems
    • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - CBSE Publication
    • NCERT - Laboratory Manual
    Social Studies
    • NCERT - India and the Contemporary World II (History)
    • NCERT - Contemporary India II (Geography)
    • NCERT - Democratic Politics I
    Mathematics
    • NCERT Mathematics for Class 10
    • R.D. Sharma Class 10th Maths
    • R.S Agrawal Class 10th Maths

    Practising model papers is important, as this helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice regularly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

    Class 11

    Course Description

    Dear Parents In Class 11, your child starts preparing for major competitive examinations that will allow him or her to keep career options open. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students Learning is all about having fun while you do it. Begin an exciting new journey right here, with Toppr!  

    Competitive Examinations

    KVPY
    • KVPY is a scholarship programme held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue basic science education and a career in research.
    NSO
    • NSO is a national-level examination based on the syllabi prescribed by CBSE, ICSE, or other state boards.
    IMO
    • The International Maths Olympiad is conducted to identify and encourage Mathematical creativity in children.

    Course Outcomes

    • MATHS - You will master new concepts in calculus, statistics, probability, permutations and combinations and complex numbers.
    • BIOLOGY - You will learn the biological structures of plants and animals; from a cellular level to the complete organism.
    • PHYSICS - You will learn the laws of motion, different properties and states of matter and will understand their thermodynamic properties.
    • CHEMISTRY - You will learn about organic reactions and their mechanism, bonding in atomic structures and the periodic properties of elements.

    Course Outline

    After Class 10, students can pick one of Arts, Commerce and Science streams. Science is often considered one of the most challenging yet promising streams. The main subjects in this stream are Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

    In Class 11, students can pick four subjects from any of the below electives:

    • Mathematics (For Engineering Aspirants)
    • Physics (Compulsory for Science)
    • Chemistry (Compulsory for Science)
    • Biology (For Medical Aspirants)
    • Computer Science
    • Business Studies (Commerce)
    • Accountancy (Commerce)
    • Geography
    • Economics (Commerce)
    • Physical Education
    With Engineering or Medicine in mind, the elective choices are further reduced to Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Physical Education and Biology.

    Co-scholastic Work

    You need to participate in co-scholastic work as described by your board syllabus. This includes learning creative arts and indulging in social work. While this part of the curriculum is not graded, it is instrumental in shaping your character and morality, while nurturing your creativity.

    • Physical World
    • Units and Measurement
    • Motion in a Straight Line
    • Motion in a Plane
    • Laws of Motion
    • Work, Energy and Power
    • System of Particles and Rotational Motion
    • Gravitation
    • Mechanical Properties of Solids
    • Mechanical Properties of Fluids
    • Thermal Properties of Matter
    • Thermodynamics
    • Kinetic Theory
    • Oscillations
    • Waves

    • Basic Concepts of Chemistry
    • Structure of Atom
    • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
    • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
    • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
    • Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques
    • Hydrogen
    • Thermodynamics
    • Equilibrium
    • Redox Reactions
    • s-Block Elements
    • Some p-Block Elements
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Environmental Chemistry

    • The Living World
    • Biological Classification
    • Plant Kingdom
    • Animal Kingdom
    • Morphology of Flowering Plants
    • Anatomy of Flowering Plants
    • Structural Organisation in Animals
    • Cell: The Unit of Life
    • Biomolecules
    • Cell Cycle and Cell Division
    • Transport in Plants
    • Mineral Nutrition
    • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
    • Respiration in Plants
    • Plant - Growth and Development
    • Digestion and Absorption
    • Breathing and Exchange of Gases
    • Body Fluids and Circulation
    • Excretory Products and their Elimination
    • Locomotion and Movement
    • Neural Control and Coordination
    • Chemical Coordination and Integration

    • Sets
    • Relations and Functions
    • Trigonometric Functions
    • Principle of Mathematical Induction
    • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
    • Linear Inequalities
    • Permutations and Combinations
    • Binomial Theorem
    • Sequences and Series
    • Straight Lines
    • Conic Sections
    • Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry
    • Limits and Derivatives
    • Mathematical Reasoning
    • Probability
    • Statistics

    Reading Comprehension

    • Reading from an unseen passage and a poem
    • Reading from a seen passage and a poem (Literature Textbooks)
    Creative Writing Skills
    • Long Answer Question: An essay on an argumentative, discursive, reflective or descriptive topic
    • Very Long Answer Question: A composition such as an article, a report or a speech
    Literature Textbooks
    • Very Short and Long Answer Question: To test comprehension, literary appreciation and drawing inferences in poetry and prose
    • Long answer Questions: To test the evaluation of characters, events and episodes
    • Seminar - Presentation of a book review, a play, a short story, a novel, novella, to be followed by a question answer session

    Computer Fundamentals

    • Classification of Computers
    • Software Concepts
    • System Software
    • Operating System
    • Utility Software
    • Open Source Concepts
    • Application Software
    • Number System
    • Internal Storage Encoding of Characters
    • Microprocessor
    • Memory Concepts
    • Primary Memory
    • Secondary Memory
    • Input Output Ports and Connections
    Programming Methodology
    • General Concepts
    • Problem Solving Methodologies
    • Problem Solving
    Introduction to Python or C++
    • Getting Started
    • Data Types, Variables and Constants
    • Operator and Expressions
    Programming with Python/C++
    • Flow of Control
    • Introduction to User-defined Function and its Requirements
    • Structured Data Type
    • User-defined Data Types

    Olympiads:

    • There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
    KVPY:
    • Funded by the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, the KVPY scholarship programme is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue basic science education and a career in research.

    JEE Main:

    • This exam helps students secure admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs); as well as the dual degree programme of IIEST, Shibpur. It is conducted mostly between the first and second weeks of April.
    JEE Advanced:
    • This exam helps students secure admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only those students who clear JEE Main are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Over 2,20,000 students clear JEE Main each year. The exam is conducted during the last week of May.
    BITSAT:
    • The BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer-based online exam that helps students secure admission to the Integrated Degree programmes of Birla Institute of Technology and Science at its Pilani, Hyderabad and Goa campuses. The online exam generally takes place between the second and third weeks of April.
    UPSEE:
    • The U.P. State Entrance Examination is a state-level engineering examination in Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the third week of April.
    EAMCET:
    • The Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination that helps students secure admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like B.D.S., B. Pharm., B.Sc., Pharm. D., B.E., B. Tech. etc. require qualification in this exam, which is conducted during the last week of May.
    MHT-CET:
    • The Common Entrance Test is conducted by the Government of Maharashtra for admission to Full Time Degree Courses of Technical Education ( Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm.D.). It generally takes place during the first week of May.
    COMEDK:
    • COMEDK is a state-level entrance test, floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to member institutions. Post the announcement of the results, the first round of the counselling process is held according to the COMEDK counselling schedule.
    VITEEE:
    • VIT University conducts the VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) to grant students admission to their various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, in Chennai and Vellore, is purely on the basis of marks secured in the VITEEE exam.

    AIIMS:

    • The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is one of India’s top ranked medical institutes with a limited number of seats and is hence very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June, after which counselling takes place.
    NEET:
    • The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD or MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: Phase 1 is held during the first week of May and Phase 2, during the last week of July.
    AFMC:
    • The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra. This college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to its MBBS course is on the basis of a student’s NEET score, followed by an interview and then the final selection.
    JIPMER:
    • The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school, located in Pondicherry. It is a two and half hour online exam conducted during the first week of June.

    SAT:

    • SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning that is required and accepted by U.S. colleges for admissions to their undergraduate programmes. Many universities also require you to take the SAT II test.
    KVPY:
    • The KVPY scholarship programme, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue a basic education in the field of Science, and a career in research.

    English:

    • Practice the art of reading, speaking and writing. Expose yourself to English speaking situations and try to assimilate the information you receive. Develop good reading practice by reading novels, newspapers, books, etc. The best way to improve writing is to try and think in the language itself. If not, then it becomes a matter of translation. Listening to audio renditions of proses and poems helps too.
    Physics and Chemistry:
    • Understanding basic ideas and concepts will help you in both board and engineering qualification exams. You need to work on problem solving with the intent of learning the idea. Laws and theorems can be learnt by heart. Pay attention in classes as it’s the only place you’ll be taught how to use scientific equipments.
    Biology:
    • This subject is strenuous on the memory as concepts are basically pure information. You can approach Biology by trying to visualize the functions of the described phenomena and trying to correlate them with analogies that you’re familiar with. Give special attention to the names and spellings of the many biological terminologies.
    Maths:
    • Maths is a practical subject. The best way to learn it is by practicing problems. Make sure you practice problem solving only after you’ve gained good confidence.
    Computer Science:
    • This is another practical subject with a lot of history and logic. Understanding computer logic is the key to this subject. Programs need to be practiced. Just like Maths, no matter how well one understands logics or concepts, only practice will show you how to approach and solve a problem.

    Physics

    • NCERT Textbook
    • H.C. Verma
    Chemistry
    • NCERT Textbook
    • O.P. Tandon
    Biology
    • NCERT Textbook and the Solution Book by Arihant
    • Trueman’s Biology
    • Objective Biology: Dinesh Publication
    Maths
    • NCERT Textbook
    • R.S. Agarwal
    • R.D. Sharma

    Previous years’ papers simulate the real exam. Practice them regularly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the exam day.

    Class 12

    Course Description

    Dear Parents The 12th CBSE Board examination is highly competitive. To master critical skills for it, your child will need your constant support. Allow Toppr to create a conducive learning environment right at home! Dear Students You must be committed to two years of rigorous learning to master the fundamentals for the 12th CBSE Board examination. Every successful student spends at least three hours a day practicing questions. Let Toppr help you prioritise, and get all your concepts right!  

    Competitive Examinations

    JEE Main
    • An all-India level exam for admission into IITs, NITs and some of India’s best engineering colleges.
    NEET
    • An all-India level examination for admission into India’s best medical colleges.
    JEE Advanced
    • An all-India level engineering entrance exam for admission into IITs.

    Course Outcomes

    • PHYSICS - You will learn about charges, light waves and their applications, and physical laws at the nuclear level.
    • CHEMISTRY - You will learn more about organic reactions and their mechanisms and be introduced to physical and coordination chemistry.
    • MATHS - You will add to your learnings in class 11 and be introduced to the three-dimensional world of vector algebra.
    • BIOLOGY - You will learn variations in ecology, environment, the application of biological tools and theories on evolution and inheritance.

    Course Outline

    • Electrostatics
    • Electric Charges and Fields
    • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
    • Current Electricity
    • Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
    • Moving Charges and Magnetism
    • Magnetism and Matter
    • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
    • Electromagnetic Induction
    • Alternating Current
    • Electromagnetic Waves
    • Optics
    • Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
    • Wave Optics
    • Dual Nature of Matter
    • Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
    • Atoms and Nuclei
    • Atoms
    • Nuclei
    • Electronic Devices
    • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
    • Communication Systems

    • Solid State
    • Solutions
    • Electrochemistry
    • Chemical Kinetics
    • Surface Chemistry
    • Isolation of Elements
    • p-Block Elements
    • d and f-Block Elements
    • Coordination Compounds
    • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
    • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
    • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
    • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
    • Biomolecules
    • Polymers
    • Chemistry in Everyday Life

    • Reproduction
    • Reproduction in Organisms
    • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
    • Human Reproduction
    • Reproductive Health
    • Genetics and Evolution
    • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
    • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
    • Evolution
    • Biology and Human Welfare
    • Human Health and Diseases
    • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
    • Microbes in Human Welfare
    • Biotechnology and its Applications
    • Biotechnology: Principles and its Application
    • Biotechnology and its Applications
    • Ecology and Environment
    • Organism and Populations
    • Ecosystem
    • Biodiversity and its Conservation
    • Environmental Issues

    • Relations and Functions
    • Relations and Functions
    • Inverse Trigonometric Functions
    • Algebra
    • Matrices
    • Determinants
    • Calculus
    • Continuity and Differentiability
    • Application of Derivatives
    • Integrals
    • Applications of the Integrals
    • Differential Equations
    • Vectors and 3D Geometry
    • Vectors
    • Three-dimensional Geometry
    • Linear Programming
    • Probability

    • Object Oriented Programming with Python/C++
    • Advanced Programming with Python/C++
    • Database Management System and SQL
    • Boolean Algebra
    • Communication Technologies

    • Reading Comprehension
    • Writing Skills
    • Literature and Long Reading Text

    • Section A - Vocal Music
    • Section B - Instrumental Music
    • Section C - Tabla

    • Health and Hygiene
    • First Aid in two of the following team games: Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Basketball, Volleyball and Softball
    • Internal Assessment

    • Caring for our Basic Resources
    • Resources and Use of Appropriate Eco-Friendly Technologies
    • Initiatives I Can Take

    Section 1:

    • The Nervous System
    • The Excretory System
    • The Circulatory System
    • The Important Endocrine Glands
    Section 2:
    • Candidates are to write notes on the lives and teachings of the following: Vyasa, Yagnavalkya, Chaitanya, Narsi Mehta, Jnaneshwa and Purandardas.
    Section 3:
    • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
    • The Four Padas
    • The Five Vrittis
    • The Five Kleshas
    • The Obstacles
    • The Virtues
    • The Shudripus
    • Abyasa and Vairagya
    Section 4:
    • Important Schools of Indian Philosophy and Some Slokas
    • Hetrodox Philosophies
    • Five Important Slokas

    • Two Experiments (One from Each Section)
    • Practical Record (Experiments and Activities)
    • Investigatory Project
    • Viva on Experiments, Activities and Project

    • Volumetric Analysis
    • Salt Analysis
    • Content Based Experiment
    • Project Work
    • Class Record and Viva

    • One Major Experiment from Part A
    • One Minor Experiment from Part A
    • Slide Preparation from Part A
    • Spotting
    • Practical Record + Viva Voce
    • Project Record + Viva Voce

    • Programming in python/C++
    • SQL Commands
    • Project Work

    CBSE will conduct the examination in theory as well as in practical, as per the prescribed syllabus. The allotted marks or grades shall be prescribed as per the nature of the subjects. The marks or grades shall be awarded for individual subjects and aggregate marks shall not be given.

    Grading

    The assessment of theory or practical papers in external subjects will be in numerical scores. The grades will be indicated on the marksheet.Qualifying marks for external examinations are:

    • 33% at the Secondary or Senior School Certificate Examinations
    • 33% marks in theory
    • 33% marks in the practical separately
    The Board shall classify all passing students in rank order and then award grades as follows:
    • A1 : Top 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • A2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • B1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • B2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • C1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • C2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • D1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • D2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
    • E : Failed candidates

    JEE Main:

    • This exam helps students secure admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) as well as the dual degree programme of IIEST, Shibpur. The exam is conducted mostly between the first and second weeks of April.
    JEE Advanced:
    • This exam helps students secure admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only those students who clear JEE Main are eligible for JEE Advanced. Over 2,20,000 students are selected each year, and the exam is conducted during the last week of May.
    BITSAT:
    • The BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer-based online exam that helps students secure admission to the integrated degree programmes of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. The online exam generally takes place between the second and third weeks of April.
    UPSEE:
    • The U.P. State Entrance Examination is a state-level engineering examination in Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the third week of April.
    EAMCET:
    • The Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination that helps students secure admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like BDS, BPharm, BSc, PharmD, BE, BTech (etc.) require qualification in this exam, which is conducted during the last week of May.
    MHT-CET:
    • The Common Entrance Test is conducted by the Government of Maharashtra for admission to full time degree courses of Technical Education ( Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm.D.) It generally takes place during the first week of May.
    COMEDK:
    • COMEDK stands for the Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental colleges of Karnataka, and is a state-level entrance test, floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to member institutions. Post results, the first round of the counselling process is held according to the COMEDK counselling schedule.
    VITEEE:
    • The VIT University conducts the VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) for granting students admission to the various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, in Chennai and Vellore, is purely on the basis of the marks secured in the VITEEE exam.

    AIIMS:

    • The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is one India’s top ranked medical institutes with a limited number of seats, and is hence very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June, after which the counselling takes place.
    NEET:
    • The National Eligibility and Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to take up any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD or MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: Phase 1 is held during the first week of May and Phase 2 during the last week of July.
    AFMC:
    • The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra. This college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to its MBBS course is on the basis of a student’s NEET score, followed by an interview and then the final selection.
    JIPMER:
    • The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) is a medical school, located in Pondicherry. It is a two-and-a-half-hour long online exam conducted during the first week of June.

    Olympiads:

    • There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are highly competitive for students. To name a few - National Cyber Olympiad, National Science Olympiad, National Mathematical Olympiad, National Merit Scholarship Scheme.
    NEST:
    • At least 20 scholarships worth Rs 25,000 each are provided to 20 toppers in the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test. Certificates are provided to those who score more than 40%.
    SAT:
    • SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning accepted for admissions to colleges and universities in the US. Many universities also require the student to give the SAT II test.
    KVPY:
    • The KVPY scholarship programme, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue a basic education in the field of Science, and a career in research.

    You need to know what to study, how to study, how to manage time and where to look for references. Below is a list of subject-wise pointers for your preparation.

    Mathematics

    The best way to learn it is by practicing the problems. It is highly recommended that problems be practised till good confidence is achieved.

    It is important that you spend more time on working out problems you’re weak at. Divide time for each unit, depending on the total number of marks, and your level of proficiency in it.

    Besides that, focusing on important topics, such as those given below, will definitely help:
    • Elementary Transformation to Find the Inverse of a Square Matrix
    • Properties of Determinants
    • Matrix Method
    • Limit of Sum
    • Properties of Definite Integrals
    • Application of Integrals
    • Concept of Line and Plane in 3D
    • Linear Programming
    • Bayes’ Theorem
    • Maxima and Minima Application Problems
    During the exam read the question paper carefully, especially questions on Probability. Attempt the sections that carry more weightage/marks first.

    Biology
    • Remember biological terms, practise diagrams and be thorough with different processes
    • Biology course content can be serious and may need multiple readings due to its theoretical nature.
    • Using flash cards can be a good memory retention technique.
    Physics
    • Practice derivations at least 3 times. Give special attention to Electrostatics, Magnetism and Optics as they might prove to be invaluable.
    • Solve at least 3 sample question papers on the basis of the derivations you’ve learned. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.
    • Attempt as many conceptual questions on those derivations as you can. This will give you a better understanding of the subject.
    • Look for new questions on similar context from previous year’s question papers, sample papers and other model test papers.
    • Always time yourself while solving sample papers as it will help you better manage time during the exam.
    Chemistry
    • Revise the notes you’ve prepared throughout the year. They will help you memorize the subject in a systematic way.
    • Make a note of various formulae and stick them on a wall or your study table. Try to read and memorise them every time you pass them.
    • Focus on the basics of important topics like p, d and f-Block Elements.
    • Study Raoult’s Law, Adsorption Isotherm, Nernst Equation, Molar Mass Determination, Packing Fraction etc. as they contain important and frequently asked questions.
    • Solve at least 1 sample question from the numerical topics you’ve learnt. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.
    • For Organics, revise few important and famous reactions like Cannizzaro, Aldol, Hoffmann, Friedel Crafts Reaction etc.
    English
    • Pay attention to your grammar, especially tenses, as English is more about expressing correctly than mugging up efficiently.
    • English generally consists of 3 sections namely Reading, Writing and Literature Section.
    • For the Reading Section, read a lot of books, and solve previous years paper and try to stick to the point while writing.
    • For Writing Section, remember the format and always try to write within word limits.
    • For Literature Section, read the lessons multiple times and try to mention all the points within word limits. Also try to make short notes with keywords from all poems and lessons.

    Physics

    • Concepts of Physics by H.C. Verma
    • Fundamental Physics by Pradeep
    • Solutions by NCERT
    Chemistry
    • NCERT Textbook
    • Modern’s ABC of Chemistry
    • NCERT Solutions
    Biology
    • NCERT Textbook
    • NCERT Solutions
    Maths
    • R.S Agarwal Textbook
    • R.D. Sharma Textbook
    • NCERT Textbook
    • NCERT Solutions

    Practising model papers is important, as this helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice regularly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.